Nuclear & Fossil Fuels

Normandeau provides environmental consulting services to the power plant industry, including siting studies, federal and state environmental impact statements and permitting, compliance monitoring including Clean Water Act (CWA) Section 316 (a) and (b) studies, and evaluation of changes in regulatory requirements.

Site Selection Analysis and Due Diligence

Critical Constraints Analysis and Issues Identification

Permit, Application Development and Technical Support

Agency Consultation and Coordination

Expert Testimony and Technical Support

Clean Water Act Sections 316(a) and 316(b)

CWA Sections 401, 402, 404 and 408

National Pollution Discharge Elimination System Permits

Nuclear Regulatory Commission Regulatory Guidelines

State and Local Natural Resource Related Regulations

Endangered Species Act

Coastal Zone Management Act

Rivers and Harbors Act

Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act

Categorical Exclusion Documentation

Environmental Impact Statements

Environmental Assessments/Finding of No Significant Impact

Agency Consultation and Public Outreach

Mitigation Planning and Monitoring

Environmental Documentation

Third Party Technical Reviews

CWA 316(b) Impingement and Entrainment Surveys

CWA 316(a) Thermal Plume Studies

Fish Identification Stomach and Tissue Sampling and Analysis

Monitoring Designated Critical Habitat (Wildlife Species or Plant Communities)

Freshwater Mussel Monitoring

Mark-Recapture and Survivorship Studies

To see a complete list of our Environmental Permitting & Regulatory Compliance services, click here.

Fish Collection and characterization

Fisheries Acoustic Studies

Fish Population Studies and Modeling

CWA 316(b) Impingement and Entrainment Surveys



Freshwater Mussel Population Survey and Species Identification

USFWS Qualified Mussel Surveyors

Survey Plan Negotiation and Development

State Approved Mussel Surveyors

Biological Assessments

Salvage, Relocation and Long-Term Monitoring

Scientific Diving Management and Oversight

Navigable Waters Surveys

CWA 316(b) Freshwater Mussel Studies

Section 7 Consultations

Pipeline, Bridge, and Railroad Crossings

Construction Monitoring

Water Withdrawal

Outfall Evaluations

Expert Testimony

Essential Fish Habitat Biological Studies

Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Surveys

Habitat mapping, modeling and hydrologic alteration sutides

Stream rapid Bioassessments

Scientific Diving

Benthic Surveys of Organisms and Sediments

CWA 316(a) Thermal Plume Studies

Acoustic Hydrology Using Acoustic Doppler Technology

Benthic Surveys

Groundwater Monitoring

Sediment Sampling & Testing

Water Supply Planning And Studies (Quantity And Availability)

Contaminated Sediment Assessments

Vibracore Sampling

Section 404 Permitting

Contaminated Sediment Assessments

Dredge Plume Monitoring

Erosion and Sediment Transport Evaluations

Sediment Profile Camera Benthic Surveys

Sediment Sampling, Testing, and Analysis

Dredging and Disposal Analysis and Permitting

SCUBA Certified Divers

Advanced Diver, Rescue Diver, and Certified Dive Masters

U.S. Coast Guard Licensed Boat Captains

Transportation Worker Identification Credential Security Clearance

Conformance with OSHA 29 CFR 1910.401 Subpart T

Entrainment Sample Identification

Fish Identification, Stomach and Tissue Sampling and Analysis

Credentialed Taxonomists

Freshwater, Estuarine, and Marine Benthic Macroinvertebrates, Algae, and Periphyton, Identification and Analysis

Ichthyoplankton, Zooplankton, and Phytoplankton Identification

Benthic Invertebrates, Algae, and Periphyton Identification

Laboratory Processing, Data Capture and Analysis, Project Reporting and Mapping

Long Term Environmental Monitoring Database Management

Quality Assurance Program

To see a complete list of our Marine & Freshwater Sciences services, click here.

Botanical and Aquatic Plant Surveys

Plant Community Evaluation and Mapping

Rare, Threatened and Endangered Species

Wetland Delineation

Functions and Values Assessments

Stream and Riparian Habitat Assessment and Mitigation

Watershed Evaluation

To see a complete list of our Wetlands & Landscape Ecological services, click here.

Acoustic tools – ARIS/DIDSON, bathymetric surveys, mobile and fixed hydroacoustic monitoring

Hydroacoustic Remote Sensing

Acoustic Doppler Current Profiling



High Resolution Aerial Mapping

Complex Database Design, Data Management, and Statistical Analyses

Database QA/QC

To see a complete list of our Remote Sensing & Data Visualization services, click here.

  • Over 45 years’ experience with permitting and compliance monitoring for nuclear power stations, fossil fuel plants and industrial facilities throughout the US.
  • More than 500 major intake and discharge studies for over 40 utility companies and industrial facilities throughout the US including:  
  • Biological studies in almost every major watershed in the US including most of the nation’s coastlines, major rivers and estuaries, and long-term monitoring studies in New England, the Hudson River, the Great Lakes, the mid-Atlantic, and the Southeast.
  • Senior regulatory specialists include a former EPA Region Administrator and two former US Army Corps of Engineers District Commanders, experienced in successfully navigating complex state and federal permit processes.

Power Plants Lead

Christopher Gurshin, Ph.D.
Vice President/Fisheries Scientist