Wind & Solar

We specialize in ecological services for onshore and offshore wind and solar energy development. The core of Normandeau's approach to successful permitting of renewable energy projects is to provide cutting edge, real-world practical expertise across a complete biological spectrum.

Site Selection Analysis and Due Diligence

Permitting Strategies, Applications and Technical Support

Agency Consultation and Coordination

Expert Testimony and Technical Support

Third-party Quality Assurance Audits

Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act

CWA Sections 401, 402, 404 & 408

Coastal Zone Management Act 

Endangered Species Act 

Fish & Wildlife Coordination Act

Marine Mammal Protection Act

Migratory Bird Treaty Act 

National Historic Preservation Act

Rivers and Harbors Act

State and Local Natural Resource Related Statutes

Environmental Impact Statements

Environmental Assessments

Environmental Impact Assessments

Mitigation Planning and Monitoring

Environmental Documentation

Third Party Technical Reviews

FERC Licsening Strategy and Process Management

Critical Review of Comprehensive Plans, Biological Opinions, Study Requests

FERC License Compliance Strategy Management

Environmental Permit Compliance Tracking

Environmental Due Diligence for Facility Sale/Acquisition

Construction and Post-construction Monitoring

Wetland Mitigation Monitoring

Erosion and Sedimentation Control

Avian/Bat Monitoring

Fish Identification (Length, Age, Sex, Growth and Food Preference), Stomach and Tissue Sampling and Analysis

Quality Assurance Programs

Monitoring for Water Quantity/Quality Concerns

Monitoring of Habitat Identified as Critical Habitat for Wildlife Species or Plant Communities

To see a complete list of our Environmental Permitting & Regulatory Compliance services, click here.

Fish Collection and Characterization

Fisheries Acoustic Studies

Migratory Fish Biology, Behavior, and Restoration

Fish Population Studies and Modeling

Freshwater Mussel Population Survey and Identification

Qualified Mussel Surveyors

Salvage, Relocation and Long-term Monitoring

Navigable Waters Surveys

Essential Fish Habitat Biological Studies

Aquatic Ecology Assessment

High Resolution Bathymetry

Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Surveys

Habitat Mapping, Modeling and Hydrologic Alteration Studies

Marine Mammal Habitat Analysis

Coastal, Estuarine and Marine Ecosystem Surveys

Coastal and Marine Habitat Restoration Planning and Design

Acoustic Hydrology using Acoustic Doppler Technology

Benthic Surveys of Organisms and Sediments

Water Quality Sampling and Monitoring


Contaminated Sediment Assessments

Dredge Plume Monitoring

Erosion and Sediment Transport Evaluations

Sediment Profile Camera Benthic Surveys

Sediment Sampling, Testing, and Analysis

Dredging and Disposal Analysis and Permitting

To see a complete list of our Marine & Freshwater Sciences services, click here.

Due Diligence (Consulting/Reviews, Environmental, Acquisitions)

Terrestrial Ecology Assessment and Management

Environmental Site Assessments

Site Screening and Critical Issues Identification

Site Selection

Ecosystem Restoration

Environmental Mitigation

Habitat Restoration

Mitigation Design and Banking

Botanical Surveys

Plant Community Evaluation and Mapping

Rare Plant Species

Wetland Delineation

Functions and Values Assessments

Remote and Onsite Wetland and Waterway Delineation

Qualified Vernal Pool Identification

Wetland Habitat Assessments

Wetland and Riparian Habitat Assessment and Mitigation

Watersheds and Riparian Zone Evaluation

To see a complete list of our Wetlands & Landscape Ecological services, click here.

Habitat Conservation Plans

Avian Studies and Protection Plans

Avian Powerline Interactions

Bald and Golden Eagle Management Plans

Bat Studies and Protection Plans

Bat Hibernacula Protection

Biological Population Surveys and Modeling

Breeding Bird Surveys

Management Plans (e.g., endangered species, deer, bear)

Wildlife Safe Harbor Plans

Habitat Evaluation Procedure Analysis

Habitat Assessment, Restoration and Preservation

Protected Species and Critical Habitat Identification

Protection, Mitigation, and Enhancement Effectiveness Evaluations

Wildlife and Protected Species Studies (Field, Radar, Aerial, Acoustic, Ultrasound, Thermographic)

Wildlife Habitat Identification and Assessment

Wildlife Management and Protection

Human-Wildlife Issues (Coexisting with Wildlife)

Risk Assessment

To see a complete list of our Wildlife Sciences services, click here.

ReMOTe (Remote Marine And Onshore Technology)

IFIM (Instream Flow Incremental Methodology)

SEFA (System for Environmental Flow Analysis)

High Resolution Aerial Imaging

Database Design and Management

GIS and Mapping

Database QA/QC

To see a complete list of our Remote Sensing & Data Visualization services, click here.

  • Provided permitting and regulatory services to hundreds of wind and solar energy projects in 41 States, in Canada and internationally.
  • Developed innovative bat acoustic monitoring technology to determine potential bat activity in the vicinity of solar and wind farms, as well as a smart curtailment system to curtail wind turbines if certain bat species are detected.
  • Designed and implemented cutting-edge remote survey methods to allow for surveys of abundance and distribution of marine wildlife to be conducted efficiently and effectively.
  • Conducted site-feasibility surveys to support wind and solar projects including critical issues or “fatal flaw” analysis.   
  • Conducted NEPA analysis and assessments for biological resources (wetlands, submerged aquatic vegetation, birds, bats, fish, benthos, marine mammals, and turtles) located in areas of proposed turbines and transmission cables, and biological assessments of threatened and endangered species for Section 7 consultation.
  • Senior regulatory specialists include a former EPA Region Administrator and two former US Army Corps of Engineers District Commanders, experienced in successfully navigating complex state and federal permit processes.

Renewable Energy Lead

Julia Robinson Willmott
Senior Principal Ornithologist and Group Manager